28 days of Black Inventions
February 24th, 2017
As we normally do this time of year, we’re going to celebrate Black History Month by acknowledging 28 of the most influential, world changing inventions by Black People. Our goal is to shed light on some inventions that most people probably didn’t know about, some of the lessor known inventions as well some of the more notable inventions. So, join us on our 28-day journey and you might learn a thing or two.
Before the creation of the Cotton Chopper, Workers would have to manually pick the Cotton off the branches. A very arduous and time consuming procedure, mostly done by Slave Labor until it ended in 1865. Still Cotton was King in the South, it needed to be mass produced for mass consumption. Just because Slavery ended the work didn’t stop. Slave Laborers turned into low paid Farmers/Field hands It drastically sped up the process of harnessing the Cotton just the Cotton Gin did in 1794.
The main purpose of the Cotton Chopper was to gather up all the Cotton plants, form distinct rows for ease of use and mainly to speed up the gathering of Cotton Process. There many different claims to the true First Inventor of the Cotton Chopper as with all Inventions from that era. The Cotton Chopper had various forms, ones that looked like a wheel barrow to ones you can ride like a Bike.
George Washington Murray
The Cotton Chopper was Invented by an African American man named George Washington Murray, of Sumpter County, South Carolina. Born a Slave, when slavery ended he attended school. He attended South Carolina State University & later S.C Normal Institute. He became a Teacher & one of the First African Americans in the U.S Congress (Elected in 1892). In 1894 he received a Patent for his improved version of the Cotton Chopper. His version of the Cotton Chopper could be produced at a much affordable rate and operated faster and better than the existing models available at the time.
It was a much sturdier machine that allowed the user to change the height and width of the plow blades for Cotton plants of various sizes. Mr. Murray, as previously mentioned was also a Congressman fighting for the Rights of Black Inventors to be able to profit and gain Patent protection under U.S Law. A Farmer, Congressman, Inventor & a Teacher. He was a man of many skilled trades & if not for the Internet might be completely forgotten by History.
He was not the original Inventor of the Cotton Chopper but he made vast improvements on it and received his just due with a Patent. He went from being born a Slave to dying as a Hero. #Thankyou